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  • Apiary
    Group of bee colonies in one location.

  • Apiculture
    The science and art of studying and using honey bees for man’s benefit.

  • Beeswax
    Wax secreted from glands on the underside of bee abdomens, then molded to form honeycomb.

  • Brood
    Immature or developing stages of bees; includes eggs, larvae (unsealed brood) and pupae (sealed brood).

  • Brood chamber
    The area of the hive where the brood is reared; usually the lowermost hive bodies; contains brood comb.

  • Brood nest
    Area of hive where bees are densely clustered and brood is reared.

  • Colony
    An entire honey bee family or social unit living together in a hive or other shelter.

  • Comb
    A beeswax structure composed of two layers of horizontal cells sharing their bases, usually within a wooden frame in a hive. The words “comb” and “frame” are often used interchangeably; for example, a frame of brood, a comb of brood.

  • Comb foundation
    A sheet of beeswax embossed on each side with the cell pattern.

  • Comb honey
    Honey in the sealed comb in which it was produced. It is also called section comb honey when produced in thin wooden frames (sections) and comb honey when produced in shallow frames.

  • Draw
    To shape and build, as to draw comb from a sheet of foundation.

  • Dysentery
    A malady of adult bees marked by an accumulation of excess faeces or waste products, and by their release in and near the hive.

  • Field bee (forager, flying bee)
    Worker bee that travels outside the hive to collect nectar, pollen, water and propolis, a waxy substance that bees use in the hive as cement.

  • Foulbrood
    A general name for infectious diseases of immature bees that cause them to die and their remains smell bad. The term can refer to European Foulbrood (EFB) or American Foulbrood (AFB) both of which are notifiable diseases, in the same way as foot and mouth disease.

  • Frame
    A wooden rectangle that surrounds the comb and hangs in the hive. It may be called Hoffman, Langstroth or self-spacing because of differences in size and widened end-bars that provide a bee space between the combs.

  • Hive body
    A single wooden rim or shell that holds a set of frames. When used for the brood nest, it is called a brood chamber; when used above the brood nest for honey storage, it is called a super. It may be of various sizes and adapted for comb honey sections.

  • Honey flow
    Period when bees are collecting nectar in plentiful amounts from plants.

  • House bee
    A young worker bee, one day to two weeks old, that works only in the hive.

  • Langstroth hive
    A hive with movable frames. The bee space around the frames allows you to move the frames. It was invented by L. L. Langstroth.

  • Nosema disease
    An infectious disease of adult bees caused by a microsporidian fungus, Nosema apis.

  • Pollen
    Male reproductive cells of flowers collected and used by bees as food for rearing their young. It is the protein part of the diet. Frequently called bee bread when stored in cells in the colony.

  • Pollen substitute
    Mixture of water, sugar and other material, such as soy flour or brewer’s yeast, used for bee feed.

  • Propolis
    A mixture of tree resins and enzymes used by bees as a cement and to fill in small spaces in the hive.

  • Queen
    Sexually developed female bee. The mother of all bees in the colony, but she is not ‘in charge’!

  • Rendering wax
    Melting old combs and wax cappings and removing refuse to partially refine the beeswax. May be put through a wax press.

  • Super
    A hive body used for honey storage above the brood chambers of a hive.

  • Swarm
    A group of worker bees and a queen (usually the old one) that leave the hive to establish a new colony; a word formerly used to describe a hive or colony of bees.

  • Uniting
    Combining one honey bee colony with another.

  • Wax moth
    An insect whose larvae feed on and destroy honey bee combs.

  • Wired foundation
    Comb foundation with vertical wires embedded in it for added strength.